Question;

GOSPEL OF MATTHEW:Answer the following questions in detail:

  1. Do you think Matthew was of Jewish or Gentile background?
  2. What is the key line in the Sermon on the Mount?
  3. Compare and contrast the crucifixion of Jesus in Mark and Matthew.
  4. What are the key O.T. texts in the background of Mt.27:37-54?
  5. What is Jesus’ attitude toward the Mosaic Law as presented by Matthew?
  6. Why do you think Matthew has Jesus’ sermon on a mount (Mt.5:1)?
  7. Compare and contrast Mk.8:14-21 with Mt.16:5-12
  8. Compare and contrast Mk.6:52 with Mt.14:33 (in terms of disciples)

GOSPEL OF LUKE;

Answer the following questions in detail:

  1. Contrast Luke’s genealogy with Matthew’s.
  2. Contrast Luke 3:6 with Matthew 3:3 and Mark 1:3.
  3. Find the Lucan equivalent to Mt.5:48 in Luke 6.
  4. Contrast Mark 6:4 and Mt.13:57 and Luke 4:24.
  5. Contrast the temptation accounts in Mt., Mk., and Lk.
  6. Contrast Mk14:3-9; Mt.26:6-13; Lk.7:36-5

No of pages:2
No of sources:3 (Can be various verses in the bible, not limited to 3 sources)

Answer;

GOSPEL OF MATTHEW

Answer the following questions in detail:

Do you think Matthew was of Jewish or Gentile background?

            I think it had a Jews background since it contains some regulations of the Jewish community in chapter 18 (Imperato, 2008).

What is the key line in the Sermon on the Mount?

The sermon on the mount covers the entire sermon that Jesus gave from Matthew chapters five to seven. However, the key line is Matthew 5:1-2; it is the reason the entire session is given the title sermon. Jesus, saw a big crowd, He went and sat down and when his disciples came to him, he began to teach them.

Compare and contrast the crucifixion of Jesus in Mark and Matthew.

            In the initial stages of the passion story, both Mark and Matthew agree that Pilate offered Jesus Christ to the Jews for the sake of crucifixion. Additionally, on the Golgotha procession, both Mark and Matthew agree that Jesus Christ was assisted by a man, Simon, to carry his cross. Ultimately on the crucifixion, both gospels agree that Jesus Christ was given a drink mixed with gall, which he was unwilling to take after tasting it (Scott, 2019). The only difference between these two accounts is that Matthew seems to be more detailed. After the death of Christ, for instance, Matthew adds that an earthquake occurred, the tombs were opened and initially dead people appeared to other people (Imperato, 2008).

What are the key O.T. texts in the background of Mt.27:37-54?

This section of the chapter contains information on how the rocks shook in the form of an earthquake. In the Old Testament the shaking of rocks was related to God’s presence, for instance, in Job 9:6, second Samuel 22:8, Judges 5:4, Psalms 78:15; 104:32. In Ezekiel  37, tombs opening similar to the case in Matthew was experienced to give the Jews hope (Imperato, 2008).

What is Jesus’ attitude toward the Mosaic Law as presented by Matthew?

            Jesus Christ did not come to offer a point of conflict with the law of Moses, instead He came to fulfill it, rather than destroy it. In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus taught the people to respect the law, He added that respect to the Law had a connection with entering the Kingdom of God.

Why do you think Matthew has Jesus’ sermon on a mount (Mt.5:1)?

            “When Jesus Christ saw the crowd, He went up on the mountain and sat down…”, the fact that Jesus sat on the mountain gave the sermon, its Sermon on the mount title as opposed to the sermon on the plains in Luke’s version.

Compare and contrast Mk.8:14-21 with Mt.16:5-12

            In both of these sections of the Gospels, an account is given of Jesus cautioning His disciples against the laws the Sadducees and the Pharisees, although Mark adds on the Law of Herod (Thomas, 1982).. In the Matthew account, the disciples finally understand what Jesus was meaning, but in Mark, it was not clear whether or not they understood.

Compare and contrast Mk.6:52 with Mt.14:33 (in terms of disciples)

            These two verses basically contrast on how the disciples perceived Jesus Christ. In Matthew, after Jesus had walked on water, the disciples worshipped Him and recognized Him as the son of God (Thomas, 1982).. In Mark, the disciples are portrayed to have had hardened hearts to the extent of not even considering the miracles that Jesus had performed.

GOSPEL OF LUKE

Answer the following questions in detail:

Contrast Luke’s genealogy with Matthew’s.

The first difference in the genealogy in Matthew and Luke is the number of generations considered. Luke accounts of the genealogy from the time of Adam to Jesus, seventy-six generations, while Luke accounts for forty-one generations fro the time of Abraham (Thomas, 1982).. Additionally, in Matthew the genealogy is divided into three groups containing the patriarchs, the kings, and private citizens, it highlights first the family origin, then the rise of the Davidic Kingdom and finally the decline of the royalty to the humble birth of Jesus. Luke on the side started the genealogy from Jesus Christ and moved back in time

Contrast Luke 3:6 with Matthew 3:3 and Mark 1:3.

            While all the three verses of the gospels speak of the beginning of the ministry of Christ, from the work of John the Baptist, the verse in Luke gives a clue of the ultimate intention of the gospel of Christ, it was meant to bring salvation to all.

Find the Lucan equivalent to Mt.5:48 in Luke 6.

            The Lucan equivalent of Matthew 5:48 is Luke 6:36, both of these verses lead men to follow the image of God, however, while Matthew focuses on the perfection of God, Luke focuses on His mercy (Thomas, 1982)..

Contrast Mark 6:4 and Mt.13:57 and Luke 4:24.

            In Matthew,  Jesus is commanding respect regardless of the fact that He is in His own Hometown. On the other hand, in Mark, there is a contradiction as it suggests that Jesus did not expect honor based on the fact that he was in his hometown (Thomas, 1982). Nonetheless, while Mark is more specific in giving the relationship between the king and the people who do not honor them, Luke is more general and speaks of an entire country.

Contrast the temptation accounts in Mt., Mk., and Lk.

Firstly, the temptation account in Mark is given without the details of the temptation being offered. The accounts in Matthew and Luke are basically different due to the order of the temptations. In Matthew, the temptations follow the order of, turning stones into bread, then throwing himself down to see if the angels would save him and finally worshiping Satan.  In the account of Luke it starts from turning stones into bread, then worshipping satan and finally throwing himself down to have the angels come and save him (Thomas, 1982)..

Contrast Mk14:3-9; Mt.26:6-13; Lk.7:36-5

            In the gospel of Luke, Jesus is in the house of a Pharisee, the woman in this context is a sinful woman who begins with washing the feet of Jesus with tears and anointing them with perfume. In this context, no one complained about the cost of the perfume. In Mark and Matthew, Jesus is in Bethany, in the house of a leper, named Simon. In both scenarios, the hair of Jesus is anointed, but while in Matthew, the disciples are said to have complained, no specific complainants are mentioned (Thomas, 1982).

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