Order Description;

Role games

Structures

Countries in security council: 15

• Five permanent: China, France, Russian Federation, United Kingdom and US
• Non-permanent members: (elected for two-years) Argentina, Australia, Chad, Chile , Jordan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Nigeria, Republic of Korea, Rwanda
• Non-Council Member States: A State which is a Member of the United Nations but not of the Security Council may participate, without a vote, in its discussions when the Council considers that that country’s interests are affected.

Security council meeting on 24th of September

• The U.N. Security Council plans to demand countries “prevent and suppress” the recruitment and travel of foreign fighters to join extremist militant groups.
• Proposal circulated by Obama and meeting will be chaired by US
• U.N. diplomats: council will likely reach agreement on a resolution. (Nicolas, 2014)

• References: Nichols, M. 2014. U.N. Security Council plans to suppress foreign extremist fighters. Reuters 9 September. http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/09/09/us-iraq-crisis-un-idUSKBN0H408E20140909

References for help in research
In-Class UN security council meeting: 26th of September
• Look up Security council resolution: http://www.un.org/en/sc/documents/resolutions/2014.shtml
• Look up Voting system: http://www.un.org/en/sc/documents/resolutions/2014.shtml
• Look up Meeting Records: http://www.un.org/en/sc/meetings/records/2014.shtml
• Look up relationship of your assigned country with the countries involved.
THE GAME

Case study

Resolution:
• UNSC resolution on the creation International Data Collection Agency (IDCA). An independent international investigation unit which effective examines the interception of communications, the collection of person data and surveillance by government bodies.
• Countries: China, France, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, US, Luxembourg, Jordan, Republic of Korea, Australia.

Question for research

What did Luxembourg say in this resolution?
Give evidence if Luxembourg say yes or No with the reasons .
And good arguments

JUST FOR Luxembourg NOT THE OTHER COUNTRIES

Answer;

The United Nation Security Council plans to demand nations to prevent and suppress the recruitment and travel of foreign fighters to join militant groups like the Islamic state. This would be possible by ensuring that the act is considered a serious criminal offence under the domestic laws. According to Nichols (2014), the United States circulated a draft resolution to the fifteen members of the Security Council and hopes that it can unanimously be adopted at a high-level meeting that would be chaired by US President, Barrack Obama on September 24, 2014. United Nation diplomats who spoke on the condition of obscurity said that the council was likely to reach an agreement on a resolution. One of the US official claimed that there appeared to be consent among the council members on how to handle the foreign extremist fighters (Ryabkov, 2014).

The draft resolution is under chapter seven of the United Nations charter. It makes it binding for all the 193 UN member states and hands the Security Council the power and authority to enforce major decisions with economic permits or force (Ryabkov, 2014). Nevertheless, the draft resolution does not grant the military force any authorization to handle the foreign fighter matter. The draft resolution decides that all the eligible member states shall ensure their home laws and rules establish stern criminal offenses adequate to offer the ability to take legal action and punish in a manner accordingly reflecting the seriousness of the offence.

After almost one year of taking its seat in the United Nation Security Council, Luxembourg has been able to make a notable mark on the international current affairs. Therefore, it agrees with the resolution on preventing and suppressing. Sylvie Lucas, Luxembourg’s UN representative, said that host nation bore chief responsibility for protecting civilians and humanitarian workers, although parties to argument regularly did not have the means or willingness to do so at the press conference (Harlow, 2013).

In a world that is widely affected by globalization and in which nations engage in non-conventional warfare, protection of the existing weapons from non-state actors could never be integral to international security. Although non-state members have not acquired these weapons, the attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, the Madrid bombings, and the London subway bombings show that severe attacks could be possible (Ryabkov, 2014).

Terrorists’ organizations, like Al Qaeda, have stated that they aspire to acquire and use these weapons. As the Security Council, it is important to discuss the dangers of these weapons, rectifying others’ financial burdens, and destruction of build up stocks. Luxembourg was and still is a strong supporter of the Security Council resolution. Moreover, Luxembourg has signed and approved integral treaties and documents such as the treaty on the non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Convention, the IAEA Safeguards Agreement, and the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (Lawless, 2007).

Luxembourg believes that member states should implement ways to prevent and suppress the recruitment and travelling of foreign fighters to join the extremist militant groups. Luxembourg agreed to the adoption of the “prevent and suppress” draft resolution that was circulated by the United States to the 15 member-Security Council of the UN earlier this month. In a statement made by the Minister of Foreign and European Affairs, H.E. Mr. Jean Asselborn, he states, “We all have witnessed the unbearable images of the agony of victims, children lined up corpses, and thousands of people finding themselves trapped without food or water, in the Desert Mountains near Sinjar.” He recounts the horrifying and horrendous pictures of terrorist actions in the Islamic world. The massacres, abuses committed by terrorist of the Islamic state, and numerous assaults that drive hundreds of Iraqis away from their homes, have all been reasons for Luxembourg’s decision to agreeing on the resolution. The primary purpose of agreeing to the resolution was to ensure that the recruitment of foreign fighters in joining extremist groups is rendered as a serious criminal offense.

According to Asselborn (2014), it takes not only the effort of one country but also the input of other countries in ensuring that peace and security thrives in the international system, as this is the responsibility of the international community. As part of an anti-terrorism strategy, it is important to adopt the new resolution in order to address the phenomenon of foreign terrorist fighters. In their involvement and contribution to the United Nations, Luxembourg, provides financial support to the World Food Programme and UNHCR operations to individuals who are displaced. In his statement, Asselborn argues that, it is only through a balanced development of a country that terrorism can be stopped

In conclusion, the Security Council recently agreed on a British drafted resolution targeting Islamic State and Nusra Front, which condemned foreign fighter recruitment and threatened to sanction people who facilitate or finance fighter travel (Lawless, 2007). Luxembourg supported this idea, as states would require preventing entry or passage through their territories of anyone about whom they have reliable information that they are seeking to plan attacks or join an extremist militant group.

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