Question;

Please answer the following questions with at least a paragraph each.

SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS

  1. You are the Project Manager on a project where a seller is not performing to contract. The products delivered by the seller do not adhere to the acceptance testing requirements described in the contract. To make matters worse, despite negotiations, the seller is not motivated to substantially correct the issues, and your procurement is at a standstill. Explain your options in resolving this matter short of litigation or ADR.
  2. The PMBOK describes 6 “competing project constraints.” Select three of those constraints and explain their potential effect on project procurements.
  3. A prospective seller, Seller XYZ, calls you to discuss the pricing contained in the response her company had previously provided to you. In addition to being a large customer of your company, Seller XYZ has also been a dependable, long-time supplier to your company. You would really like to see them win the business for your project. As the Project’s Procurement Manager, you have visibility into all of the pricing provided by other prospective sellers. During your discussions, Seller XYZ asks you for “guidance” on her company’s pricing so that they can be competitive with the other prospective sellers. How do you respond to Seller XYZ? Explain your thought process in deciding how to respond and, if appropriate, reference one or more relevant codes of ethics that may apply to this situation.
  4. Project Manager Harley Davidson has developed an RFP to request response from sellers. Based on the requirements and specifications associated with the procurement, Harley believes the sellers will likely be niche technology start-up companies that will be called upon to produce a significant quantity of the products they produce to fulfill the needs of Harley Davidson’s project. What key Source Selection Criteria should Harley include to rate or score the sellers’ responses?
  5. Project Manager Suzy Q is involved in managing two different sellers, one of whom is performing under a fixed-price contract type and the other that is performing under a cost-reimbursable contract type. Describe (a) which phase of Project Procurements Suzy Q is in, and (b) what tools and techniques that Suzy Q could use to manage each seller’s performance under their respective contracts, and how the two differing contract types might require different tools and techniques.
  6. Describe the role of the Project Manager in Project Procurement Management, including identifying what the Project Manager is and is not responsible for in the procurement process.
  7. Describe the PMBOK’s recommended process by which a buyer prepares to request seller responses for any given procurement.
  8. Buyer Bobbie Sue and Seller Billy Bob are disputing the delivery of products called for under their contract. Bobbie Sue says that the products that she pre-paid for do not conform to the requirements of the contract, but Billy Bob refuses to refund the payment or replace the products. Bobbie Sue and Billy Bob have tried to work out their differences through negotiation, but cannot come to an agreement. This has resulted in a contract dispute. Explain the dispute resolution options available to Bobbie Sue and Billy Bob, and the primary benefits of each option.
  9. Project Manager Lani Jo is evaluating whether to have her company’s IT department develop the software needed by her project. Based on the Plan Procurements process of Project Procurement Management, describe the technique(s) and factors Bobbie Sue should use in making her decision
  10. Name the contract type that cannot legally be used for US Government procurements, and why that contract type should not be used.

 

 

Q1: What are the three models of cloud computing according to the NIST clouding computing reference architecture? List the advantages and disadvantages of each model. (10 points)

Q2: What are the major network management functions? (10 poi

Q3: Compare SNMPv1, SNMPv2, and SNMPv3. (10 points)

Q4: Describe DiffServ Code Point (DSCP). (10 points)

Q5: What are the major Web application security issues and mitigation mechanisms? Please explain them. (10 points)

Q6: What are the major Web peer to peer application security issues and mitigation mechanisms? Please explain them. (10 points

Q7: What are the cellular mobile network and device management functions? Please describe each one. (10 points)

Q8: Explain the differences among an intranet, extranet, and the Internet. Provide three examples to illustrate an appropriate use for each of them. (10 points)

Answer;

The manager should use strategic litigation in solving the issue posed by the seller, which will involve taking on a legal case as part of a strategy that will lead broader systemic change.

This may lead to a change either as a result of the success of the action and the impact it has in the law, practice or policy, or by publicly portraying injustice, creating awareness and developing broader change. It is very vital that strategic litigation measures are used as one of  the best tools rather being viewed as the final measure itself (Nahari & Krutz,  2011).

The manager can also choose to make use of ADR which involves early neutral evaluation,  conciliation, negotiation, arbitration,  and mediation. ADR will assist the manager in understanding as to why the seller has continually maintained to produce goods that are unsatisfactory and advise him on possible measures to take.

  1. Competing Project Constraints And Influence On Project Procurement

Scope  as a constraint

The scope of the project includes the Vision, Mission, Background, major project activities for each phase of the project, planned process improvements, and out of scope activities critical to the success of the project.

Quality: is the way the project results and outcomes are delivered, in accordance with the implied or stated needs, what the beneficiaries and the donor agency demand in order to achieve the satisfaction of the stakeholder.

Schedule constraint: Proper  schedule control needs the careful task to be performed identically, an exact estimation of their time duration, the manner and the sequence they are going to follow, and how the allocation of human and other resources is carried out.

 

  1. Response to Seller XYZ

The firm should be given advice on how to carry out price optimization of goods and services delivered during the specified duration of the contract instead of minimizing the initial price of goods and services.The value that is obtained from money does not only constitute how the lowest initial price is attained but also it puts into consideration the optimum combination of the contract costs and quality.

  1. Criteria That Harley Should consider When Rati Responses From Sellers

– Subject lines are critical as well, especially on devices where you don’t  automatically see the contents of the email. Be concise and engaging, but clear as we

-Survey response rates  are plummeting (avg ~3% or so these days) because people are tired of long and obnoxious surveys that either don’t result in change Bidgoli, (2004).

  1. Phase of Project Procurements Suzy Q is subjected to

Stage 5: Contract management: Transition between contracts and managing performance

It requires different tools and techniques because in this phase it is difficult to:

  • Disclose contract information
  • Ensure supplier(s) deliver the goods or services in accordance with contractual obligations
  • Manage supplier performance
  • Manage contract administration (including price and product variations)
  • Manage transition and exit

b.

When managing the seller performing under the fixed-price contract, Suzy Q will need schedule and quality progress to manage the seller’s performance. The primary reason for utilizing this technique is to monitor the scope of work and predictable cost of the awarded contract.

On the other hand, when dealing with the seller performing under the cost-reimbursement contract, Suzy Q will require to use cost documentations primarily to ensure that she will only pay for the completed project.

  1. The Role of the Project Manager in Project Procurement Management Regarding Procurement Process

·         Plan purchases and acquisitions: He determines what to purchase in the firm

·         Plan contracting:  is responsible in issuing contracts to other firms that wants to supply their commodities to the firm.

·         Request seller responses: he utilizes the feedback from sellers for the purpose of improvement.

·         Seller selection: is responsible for the selection of the seller or suppliers of its goods.

·         The manager should not show any kind of biases while selecting the sellers to contract with.

  1. The PMBOK’s recommended process

Deciding whom to ask to do the work, sending appropriate documentation to potential sellers, and obtaining proposals or bids. Organizations can engage in advertising to procure their  goods and services in different various ways

  • Approaching the preferred vendor
  • Approaching several potential vendors
  • Advertising to anyone interested
  • A bidders’ conference can help clarify the buyer’s expectations (Nahari, & Krutz,  2011).
  1. The dispute resolution options and benefits available to Billy Bob and Bobbie Sue

If any Product is defective in material, or workmanship or is otherwise not in conformity with the requirements of this Order or any related purchase orders (collectively

“Nonconforming Product”), Buyer may elect in its sole discretion, prior to acceptance of the

Nonconforming Product, to:

(a) Reject and return the Nonconforming Product, not to be replaced and with a full refund of all costs paid by Buyer for the Product, including all return shipping expenses, without any deductions by

Seller.

(b) Require Seller to repair the Nonconforming Product at the Buyer designated location or at Buyer’s

Customer’s site

(c) Sort, Repair &/or Rework the Nonconforming Product and recover all expenses incurred by Buyer to do so, including any third party repair expenses.

(d) In connection with any Nonconforming Product provided to ISC by Seller, and in addition to any other charges and expenses that might apply, ISC may issue a non Conforming Material Report

(“NCMR”) to Seller and charge an NCMR fee equal to the greater of $500 or 25% of the cost of the

Product not to exceed 100% of the fair market value of the Nonconforming Products to which the

NCMR relates.

  1. The technique(s) and factors that Bobbie Sue should employ

Weighting systems

Mostly such systems entail assigning each of the evaluation criteria a numerical weight, rating the potential sellers on each criterion, multiplying the weight by the totaling and rating the resultant products to compute an overall score. Sometimes independent estimates is referred to as a should-cost estimate, which  the procuring firm can either create by itself or have another  independent estimate of the costs as a check on proposed pricing for many procurement items. The cost estimates show significant differences implying  that the contract statement of work was inadequate and that the potential seller either did not understand or failed to fully contract work statement  or that there was a change in market conditions Vacca, (2007).

Screening System.

Establishing least amounts of performance for one evaluation criteria are involved in the screening system that can use a weighting system and independent estimates. For example, a potential seller might be needed to give his views to  a project manager who had certain qualifications considered the seller after being reminded. These screening systems are used to offer a weighted ranking from effective to ineffective for all sellers who presented a proposal.

Contract Negotiation

For the purpose of reaching a mutual agreement before contract signing, structure and contract requirements are clarified in contract negotiation. Final contract language is a reflection of  all agreements arrived at. Subjects covered consist of  authorities  and responsibilities, law and applicable terms, business management and technical approaches, contract financing, property rights, overall schedule payments , technical solution and price.

Contract negotiations end with a document that is required to be signed by both the buyer and the seller or the contract can be a counter offer by the buyer or a revised  offer by the seller. For procurement items that are complex, negotiation of the contract can be an independent process with its inputs and outputs . Simple procurement items require that the terms and conditions of the contract be fixed and non-negotiable and accepted by the seller Bidgoli, (2004).

  1. The contract type that is not legally binding by the US Government procurements

Cost-plus-a percentage-Of cost contracts: under this, the contractor is reimbursed for its costs and receives a certain percentage of these costs as an allowance for profit Absolutely prohibited, even as a sub-contract under most types of federal prime contracts.

Q1: Models Of NIST Clouding Computing Reference Architecture

Cloud Enablement Model:  the model describes the distinct enablement and layers of cloud for operations of the business.  The technology provides a number of consumer  computing technology It  comprises of various cloud computing technologies.

Cloud Deployment Model: It  describes a range of Cloud deployment situations available to the external public Cloud, enterprise internally-private Cloud, community clouds and hybrid Cloud

Cloud Governance and Operations Model: It explains privacy, governance, support,  security, operations, management and monitoring requirements for cloud computing Vacca, (2007).

Benefits of Cloud Enablement Model

There are a number of benefits accrued to Cloud Enablement Model. Unlock additional value from existing assets .

  • Accessibility and availability across the organization, anywhere, on any device
  • The model enables users to to gain capacity and capability of meeting customer needs.
  • Increase IT and enterprise

 

Limitations of the Cloud Enablement Model

  • Security, reliability and customization
  • Compliance to  industry standards for security and provide adequate service-level agreements in manufacturing industry
  • Customization challenges: Same instance of cloud computing software is shared among customers

Q2: The major network management functions

  • Operation: deals with keeping the network (and the services that the network provides) up and running smoothly
  • Administration: deals with keeping track of resources in the network and how they are assigned. It involves all the “housekeeping” that is important to control the network.
  • Maintenance: Is concerned with performing repairs and upgrades—for example, when a router needs a patch for an operating system image, when equipment must be replaced, ,  and when a new switch is added to a network.
  • Provisioning: is concerned with configuring resources in the network to support a given service. This configuration includes network setup that would enable a new customer to acquire real time communications and voice service.
  • Storing the operating network efficiently at all times
  • Monitoring the network and analyzing its data for clues to potential problems.
  • Recognize an issue or threat before it poses a risk to the network and/or end users, while responding with appropriate measures.
  • All network resources are accounted for by network management
  • Other functions are
  • Planning
  • Controlling
  • Deploying
  • Allocating
  • Coordinating
  • Monitoring the resources of a network
  • frequency allocation
  • Network planning (Nahari, & Krutz,  2011).

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