The world still relies on fossil fuels such as oil, coal and natural gas for our energy needs. However, these fossil fuels are running out and alternative forms of energy need to be found. This research project will look at the problems that are associated with fossil fuels and identify possible solutions through nuclear energy and renewable resources such as the wind, the sun and the sea.

Discuss what fossil fuels are and discover when they were first used, and what they were used for. What are the main uses of coal, oil and natural gas today?

Identify some of the problems associated with fossil fuels. These might include environmental issues, economic issues and the fact that they are non-renewable.

Consider some of the possible alternatives to fossil fuels including nuclear energy, conservation, and the use of renewable resources such as hydro electric power, solar energy and geothermal energy.

Choose a country as a case study. Identify its present use of fossil fuels, nuclear fuel and fuel from renewable fuels. Outline the country’s plans to increase the use of renewable fuel in the next few years.

Write around 900 words

Part 1  Introduce the topic, and explain why fossil fuel came to be so important. Find out when and where they were first discovered and what they were uses for. What are they used for now? What are the problems associated with fossil fuel? What will happen if we don’t do anything?

Part 2 Discuss possible alternatives to fossil fuels such as nuclear power and renewable resources like solar power, wind power and water power .Look at the importance of conservation of resources.

Part 3 Make a case study of a particular country: identify the main sources of fuel used at the moment in this country. What renewable energy resources are being used now in your chosen country and what is planned for the future? Do these plans include the nuclear option?

  • Bibliography There should be a minimum of 5 sources. For higher grades                                                 you would be looking at 8+ sources.


Each referenced source must be cited in the text.

There must be in-line citations. Use APA format.

Plagiarism will result in a mark of zero for this assessment.

Copy and pasting is plagiarism

LSC 2103                              Final Project

Part 1

In part 1 you will look at the origins of fossil fuels: coal, oil and natural gas. Write a section defining what fossil fuels are and identifying

  • When and where they were discovered and what they were first used for.
  • What they are used for now.
  • Present day problems with using fossil fuels as energy sources, looking at environmental concerns, economic issues and the fact that they are non-renewable.
  • What will happen if we do not start finding and using alternative sources of energy.

In part 2 you will be identifying and discussing the use of alternative sources of energy to fossil fuels such as nuclear power.

You will include renewable energy sources such as

  • Solar power
  • Wind power
  • Water power
  • Geothermal power

You will also look at the importance of conservation of resources in the modern world.

Part 3   Make a case study of a particular country: identify the main sources of fuel used at the moment in this country. What renewable energy resources are being used now in your chosen country and what is planned for the future? Do these plans include the nuclear option?



Energy is paramount to human living and there are numerous sources of energy. Some sources are renewable whereas others are non-renewable. Renewable sources include solar energy, wind and geothermal energy. Among the widely used non-renewable sources of energy is fossil fuel. Fossil fuel refers to energy from plants that decomposed long ago. When these plants decay, they form coal, oil, and natural gas. Fossil fuels when burnt produce large amounts of energy. Obtaining energy from fossil fuels requires combustion to release energy, which pollutes the environment, by releasing harmful gases. People first discovered fossil fuels in the Stone Age period long ago whereby they lit coal and produced energy. This energy could help in lighting, heating and warming. According to Curley, (2012), Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians made use of oil for construction projects. Egyptians also made medicine out of petroleum and were the first globally. Natural gas dates back in the 19th century in England for lighting and cooking. China pioneered in using coal where it could start locomotive engines. Today, fossil energy is used to generate large amounts of energy by combustion in large-scale for providing electricity.

Limitations of fossil fuels

Fossil fuels are non-renewable which make them not to be sustainable. In addition, to obtain fossil energy, combustion that takes place leads to environmental pollution. Pollution occurs by the fossils emitting carbon dioxide gas to the atmosphere and causes a rise in temperature above the norm thus changing the climatic condition of a place (Archer, et al, 2009). This leads to greenhouse effect and risks the life of human beings. Obtaining fossil fuel energy is also energy consuming in combustion and thus not very economical. This form of energy also takes a very long time to form thus it is not dependable for future use.

Alternatives to fossil fuels

Other energy sources are renewable and environmentally friendly. Nuclear energy ids sustainable and produces large amounts of energy as well. Making nuclear energy entails splitting of atoms, which releases harmful elements that do not decompose for long. Solar energy is also a good source of energy that is safe and sustainable. Solar energy is accessed using solar panels and used as efficiently as the fossil fuels but with the advantage of non-pollution. Water can also produce hydroelectric power that is renewable and does not consume the water since it is continuously flowing downhill. Wind can also be utilized using windmills. Windmills have a long history of use as it could move turbines that moved machines.

Wind energy is a good energy source since it does not release pollutants to the environment. It is also cheap and easy to access. Though wind energy is seasonal, it is a better alternative to fossil fuels. Geothermal energy is also a good alternative whereby heat from the internal of the earth produces energy that makes electricity. This electricity heats water to make steam, which runs turbines. Even as everyone seeks alternative energy sources, Jaccard, (2005) argues that there can be technological advancements that can minimize the amount of pollutants emitted to the atmosphere, which will produce more energy at low costs.

Fuel use in Australia

Australia uses electricity as the main source of energy. Most of this energy goes to the transport sector as the leading energy consumer and the manufacturing companies. In 1997, Uranium and coal were imported to produce energy but later, oil and petroleum products replaced these energy sources. Australia has large reserves of coal and natural gas however; utilizing coal has led to increased environmental pollution leading to Australia seeking alternative energy sources that are environmentally friendly. In this response, the Australian prime minister gave an initiative to control the amount of green house gas emitted. This initiative was put into practice whereby solar and wind energy were used to dry grains and lighting. Today, Australia utilizes renewable energy sources such as photovoltaic panels, windmills, and biomass. This has reduced the greenhouse effect to a notable percentage. Australia also utilizes biomass energy, which comes from plant, and animal matter. In addition to these energy sources, landfill gas is becoming widely utilized. Burning this gas produces electricity that runs midsized generators and it emits less harmful gases to the atmosphere. If nothing changes in the energy, provision sector to control harmful gas emissions in burning coal unfavorable climate may result countrywide. Since the Australian transport system emits most of the harmful gases to the atmosphere, there is a proposal that biodiesel be utilized to lessen automobile emissions (Dicks, et al, 2004).

Due to Australia`s concern to the green house effect, certain measures have been put in place. To begin with, greenhouse schemes have developed whereby electricity consumers choose to pay more for less and the surplus money goes to funding renewable energy sources. This Sustainable Energy Development Authority (SEDA) has proven a successful means to develop renewable energy sources (Yusuf, Goh, & Borserio, 2011). The population growth of Australia just like any other part of the world is alarming since more energy will be required. This will require that the country utilize renewable energy sources such as solar, wind and geothermal power. In their plans for alternative energy sources, Australia does not include nuclear energy, which releases dangerous elements into the atmosphere.

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