Question;

DO not plagiarize. DO your
own work.

Name:

I. SHORT ESSAY (10 POINTS EACH)
In 5-7 sentences for each answer, (1) define and explain (e.g. the history) each of the concepts,
terms or names listed below, and then (2) state why it is important to our understanding of
contemporary China. *Be sure to respond to BOTH parts of the question.
1. Minzu
2. Xi Jinping
3. South-North Water Transfer Project
4. Hukou
5. One-Child Policy and Program
6. Mao Zedong

II. MAP INTERPRETATION (20 POINTS EACH)
The production and interpretation of maps is a key practice in the field of geography. Below you
will recognize two maps that we have seen during the course. Explain and critically interpret
each of the maps in both of the following ways: (a) clearly state what the map means — state the
title and year the map was created, describe the legend (numbers, ranges, etc.) and the map in
geographically explicit ways (e.g. use provinces, physical geographic forms like Himalayan
Mountains, etc.) to convey how the map characterizes China. In this section, your description of
the map should be complete and thorough enough that a reader does not even need to look at the
map to know what it is representing. Then (b) critically (and thoroughly) interpret the
significance of the map – interpret why this map matters for our understanding of China. Here
there is not one right answer. You might interpret the relevance of the map differently than your
peers, which speaks to the fact that maps are political tools (they are often produced for a
reason). Be convincing and accurate in your explanation, and use this as an opportunity to show
off your critical understanding of China’s human-environmental relationships!

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7. CHINA’S WATER-SURPLUS AND WATER-DEFICIT REGIONS

Above is a map of China’s water-surplus and water-deficit regions, as described in the
instructions above: (a) clearly state what the map means and (b) critically interpret the
significance of the map.

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8. POPULATION DENSITY OF MAINLAND CHINA, 2014

Above is a map of China’s population density as recorded in 2014, as described in the
instructions above: (a) clearly state what the map means and (b) critically interpret the
significance of the map.

Answer;

Minzu
China is a diverse country as it is home to individuals with different lifestyle, language
and even culture from the main ethnic of the land of China. Minzu are the wide group of race and
tribes recognized by the government of China. As of recent years, the population of this racial
group is said to be less than ten percent. Through the years as noted down in History of China,
the Chinese government made trials of nationality and traditions to be understood as independent
and wanted to be a separate national and tribe a decision influenced by the need to reduce social
stratification.
Xi Jinping
Xi Jinping is the leader and commander in chief of China, a citizen of China by birth and
was married twice after the first divorce he shaped the modern day China . In fact, according to
Allison, (para 2) Xi Jinping Wants to transform China to become the biggets player in global
economics and politics. Xi Jinping was criticised and has been equally controversial , for
instance, he boycotted several international meetings with head of state due to a rally he
attended that turned sour. He is a figure to be emulated with his leadership skills by creating
reforms and fighting corruption.
South-North Transfer Project
The South-North Transfer Project is a multi-billion inititative undertaken by the
government of China. It was designed to be in use in of the Chinese longest river that starts from

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the south China to the northern China thus there name used. This initiative was targeted to
overcome the water shortage crisis noticed in China due to the high population. Also, China is a
busy country doing business with many countries thus the initiative would supply enough water
to factories. Also the other reason for starting this initiative was to help the refugees who has
been increasing in number.
Hukotu
Every government has the responsibility to identify its citizen by enrollment and this
process is also said to have originated from the old age China. The details recorded included the
place of birth, if married or not, and the members of the family an individual lives with. The
government laid plans to sensitize the importance of registration both in urban and rural areas.
The duplicates of the of the documents were kept in different places. Another importance of
these registrations were to help the government make administrative plans and know the progress
of the country.
One-Child Policy And Program
The program was implemented in the republic of China due to the rapid increase of
population and it was a matter of time before there is an overpopulation and food shortage.
These plans were developed so as to amend the constitution to one child law. This meant that
each couple or individual should only have one child. This rule was developed to so as each
family should have one birth, so those with twins or triplets were not affected. China has the
largest population in the world with more than a billion recorded. Owing to the high population,
the government has in place measures to control the usage of resources, for instance, Hukou
controls access to public services, and this is often determined by the birthplace of the holder to
prevent the movement of labour to the most productive areas(Leng, 1).

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Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong, was the president of the Republic of China and ruled under a single party
till his death. According to Ramsay( para. 3). Zedong unleashed the Cultural Revolution, a
decade-long upheaval that had severe implications across China. Mao was a revolutionist, a
highly disputed and controversial figure that was also famous due to his theories and ideas in
politics. He was born from a humble family but was able to get an education. He held several
revolutionary activities in the twentieth century and protests in his school. His articles were
famous among the revolutionalists as they impressed a lot of people who fought for the new
culture. In the early 1900 he was banned from his position in the committee due to his preferred
policies
Map Interpretetion
Map 1,
The map shows the supply of water in China and is important in addressing the water
challenges in China. It shows the places that faces shortage of water and the ares with supplus of
water. Most of the land faces less shortage of water or no water at all,the ratio of no shortage of
water to enough water is 6:5 respectively. The most part of the southern part faces less shortage
of water with some of the lower parts of song experiences less shortage of water and some areas
have no shortage at all. For instance, in Song province there is no shortage of water, although in
the central part of song province, it experiences shortage of water. In the north eastern part of the
map,specifically Goryeo province, the mearsurment of water is in plenty meaning, there are less
cases of water shortage.
The availability of water supply in the area of Jin province is average. In millimeters, the
map shows that the amount of rainfall is averagely more than 200 milimeters whwreby some ares

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of the province records the amount of rainfall to be less than 200 milimeters. The relationship
of human activities to the environment according to this map is that people migrated to the areas
with plenty of water to survive. This map also shows that there is a number of water catchment
ares in the southern part of China than the northern parts.
Map 2,
This is the map of population sizes of China in the past four years and is important in the
understanding of the rate of population increase thus the central government will be able to
allocate annual badget well and help overcoming the shortcomings of overpopulation. As seen in
the map, the song province and its sub provinces is said to be highly populated compared to the
northern part of the map especially the north western part. High population density may be as a
result of rural-urban migration, the north eastern part is recorded to be relatively highly
populated compared to the rest of the northern part.
The central part of the map; some parts of Song province is also relatively highly
populated with an estimate of two hundred and fifty person per square kilometers. The northern
part of the China map is recorded to be less densly populated in the whole land. Most of the sub
province of Tibetans and western Xia is shown to be less densly populedt with an estimate of
about less than one hunded person per square kilometers. This map also shows that there is a lot
of human activities in the southern parts and the eastern parts.this map also shows that can also
show that the southern and eastern parts holds the high status people in China due to the money
from the trading activitie going on. In terms of the relationship between the lifestyle of humans
to the environment is that people migrated to areas with more density of water supply thus
resulting to increase in population, in the southern parts. This made them to cultivate and trade,
that made China to be known to be the largest export in the world.

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