Overview: Students are required to complete a group project worth a total of 100 points. The
group project will be assessed based on a group presentation (70 points) and individual essay
paper (30 points). Each group member will be required to write and submit a 2 to 3 page essay
Below are a list of steps and questions that individual groups might consider when working on
their project.

STEP 1 – Identify and select a disaster case as a group.
STEP 2 – The selected group leader should delegate tasks, questions, or research topics to other
group members.
STEP 3 – Individual members should begin carrying out their independent research by
identifying information sources and summarizing the information acquired from the sources.
You should then bring this information to class so it can be discussed as a group, and a
determination can be made to include or exclude this information from the presentation.
STEP 4 – Each group member should begin organizing their independent section of the
powerpoint presentation.
STEP 5 – Group members should get together to begin organizing the information and begin
structuring the comprehensive powerpoint presentation.
STEP 6 – Group should have a completed presentation at least 1 week before the presentation
date and carry out a 1 to 3 practice sessions.


Introduction Slides (1 to 3 slides)
1) When did the disaster take place? What was the date, year, time, and region (i.e. city) of
impact of the disaster?
2) What was the scope of the disaster? In other words, how many people were killed/injured
and what was the financial damage of the disaster ($$)?

Organization Response Slides (3 to 4 slides)
3) What were 3 to 5 agencies involved in responding to and managing the disaster, and what
sectors (e.g. local government, federal government, private sector) did they represent?
A. What type of functions did these agencies perform? Examples may include:
I. Search and Rescue
II. Warning Message Communication
III. Evacuation
IV. Provide Medical Care to the Injured
V. Providing Relief (e.g. food, water, emergency shelter)
VI. Removing Debris (Garbage)
VII. Repair and Restoration of Infrastructure

Leadership & Management Slides (3 Slides)
4) What were the leadership and management styles demonstrated by the representatives
from the agencies/offices identified?
A. Did the different agencies responding to the disaster work together (i.e. teamwork) or
did they work independently?
B. If working as a team, what specific agencies were working together?
C. Was there a primary lead agency and what was their role?
D. How effective were the agencies in working together?

E. Did the agencies have to improvise during their response or did they follow pre-
established rules or standard operating procedures?

5) What were the strategies (priorities) used and decisions (i.e. decision-making) made by
representatives from these agencies in working together? (2 to 3 slides)
Group Recommendations and Conclusion (2 Slides)
6) What would you do differently as a leader of these agencies?
A. Did the responding agencies perform well or poorly?
B. Where does your group view opportunities for improvement in responding to the


Report on Hurricane Andrew

One of the most critical United States hurricanes of record started moderately as a tropical wave that emerged from the west coast of Africa. The wave generated a tropical depression on August 16 1992, which became Tropical Storm Andrew the following day. Andrew became a hurricane on August 22 and strengthened to a strong category 4 hurricane, which struck the southern part of Florida in the United States of America (National Hurricane Centre, n.d.). It left hundreds of thousands homeless and destroyed property worth billion dollars. Many people lost their likes and others were injured, the Andrew Hurricane will remain Memorable in the United States History.

Several agencies responded to the emergency, some of them included the Federal Emergency Management Agency, which coordinated other agencies that helped in the mission (Peacock et al, 1997). They offered relief such as food and water, temporary housing, clothes, and medical care to those injured. The US Army helped in evacuation and removal of debris. The National Hurricane Centre in association with the media in the region helped in communicating the warning messages. The agencies tried to work together although they failed in their coordination and management of the catastrophe. Andrew proved vulnerability of the agencies (Natural Disaster Survey Report, 1993).

The teams used inadequate strategies in the decision making process, proper decision-making could have aided in reducing the damages that occurred. The agencies could have created awareness by communicating to the public on how to respond to such disasters. However, according to the report given by NOAA, the agencies learnt many lessons from the occurrence. They therefore began strategizing on how to handle any emergencies that may follow and simplify the back up procedures, which were initially hard to implement. They should provide technical assistance for a much more intensive awareness and attentiveness effort by state and local emergency management at state coastal zone management agencies in areas of high vulnerability.

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