Short Answer Prompts: Select 3 (20 points each)

1. Define benevolent prejudice and hostile prejudice and give an example of each. While they are different, how do they work together?

2. Define stereotyping and cultural appropriation. Give an example of each. Explain how these two concepts are connected in mainstream representations of oppressed groups.

3. Define “white privilege”. Give two examples of white privilege from McIntosh’s article. Using your examples, describe how white privilege and racial oppression are linked.

4. Thinking of marriage and the family, how do we socialize boys and girls differently in our society? Give examples. Explain how these forms of socialization reinforce ONE of the following isms (sexism? classism? heterosexism?)

5. Define the terms gender identity and gender performance. Use one example to show how these terms can be linked. Use another example to show how these concepts are not always linked.

6. Define the terms heterocentrism and heterosexism. Give and example of each. Explain how, similar to prejudice and discrimination, these concepts are related to each other?


Q1. White privilege and racial oppression

White privilege is the advantage that the white people benefit from just for being white. It can be compared to racism to some degree, which puts other people at a disadvantage. White privilege is seen when a given company employs members of the same race. Another example is if one is late for a meeting at work and the lateness is attached to the skin color due to racism. Racial oppression comes in when the white people are given privileges and the non-white is discriminated because each action that they do is related to their race or skin color (McIntosh, p31-36).

Q2. Heterocentrism and Heterosexism

Heterosexism is the oppression that gives the people attracted to the opposite sex a privilege over those who are not. Heterocentrism is the assumption that people are heterosexual. An example of heterosexism is when a woman is said to be sexually active people refer to her as a whore and when she is sexually inactive, men threaten her. Heterocentrism is seen when one is not heterosexual for example a lesbian. Discrimination leads to misjudgment about other people’s way of life. Prejudice leads to oppression of the women because they are lowly placed in the society (Frye, 34-37).

Q3. Stereotyping and Cultural Appropriation

Stereotyping is the act of judging a group of people basing the judgment on your own or other people’s opinions. Cultural appropriation is the adoption of several aspects of people’s way of life by members of a different cultural group. An example of stereotyping is the judgment of a persons behavior because of the skin color, cultural appropriation is seen when women live together irrespective of their races or class. The oppressed groups have limited activities and access to certain places, which may limit the enlargement of opportunity (Frye, 34-37).

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