1.) Describe the environmental and social condition in the sahara before it became a desert. Be as specific as you can concerning dates and what sort of evidence is available to historians.
2.) compare and draw contrast bewteen the rise and decline of the three western sudanic states. what major factors cut across the rise and fall of Ghana, Mali. and Songhai?
3.) discuss the importance of Islam as a state building ideology in Weat Africa
4.) Discuss three prominent african leaders and their accomplishments as empire builders and administrators(Mansa musa the great, askia mohammed, and Sundiata keita