This week, in addition to discussing pseudoscience, we are also to look at the difference between explanations and arguments. RESPONSES ARE DUE BY SATURDAY
An argument is a rationale in which the reason functions as evidence in support of the conclusion. Its purpose is to provide a rational basis for believing the conclusion to be true.
An explanation is a rationale in which the conclusion represents an accepted fact and the reason represents a cause of that fact. Its purpose is to help us understand how or why that fact occurs.
Choose one (2) of the following and determine if they are arguments or an explanation. Responses that include just one word, i.e., argument or explanation is insufficient. You will need to explain “why” for your answer to earn the full bonus points.
1. “Men expect to tell women things, not to be told things by them, or even to explore a subject together.” (March Fasteau, The Male Machine, 1975)
2. People who are wealthy are so because of ability, so we should respect them.
3. “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” (Thomas Jefferson)
4. Dave Mundy from Caistor Centre, Ontario, went over the falls in a barrel in 1985 and lived. Several summers ago, Dave attempted to shoot Niagara Falls again, but his barrel got grounded at the brink of the falls and he had to be rescued with a crane. Dave is determined to try again and has stated that if he succeeds, for his next trick he’d really like to fly an airplane into a bus.
5. Here are some stats on Beverly Blossom: founding member of Alwin Nikolais’ company, choreographer, esteemed teacher; 79 years old, cushiony body, lived-in face. These facts do not explain why, when she draws herself up, she seems to fill the stage, or how, as she ripples her arms grandly or scatters rose petals to Beethoven’s somber chords, she evokes Isadora Duncan. Make that an Isadora who’s a wily, eccentric comedian and relishes shtick. (Deborah Jowitt, “Swimming in It,” a dance review from The Village Voice, September 19, 2005.
6. Titanic sank because it struck an iceberg.
7. Capital punishment should be abolished because innocent people may be mistakenly executed.
8. Scientists argue vigorously about whether this is the correct explanation of apparently sudden extinction of the dinosaurs 65 million years ago.
9. The British statesman William Gladstone thought that we would all be healthier if we choose each bite of food precisely 32 times. Why else, he argued, did nature in Dallas with exactly 32 teeth?
10. A new study published in the Journal of pediatrics found that removing a child’s tonsils and adenoids can lead to better grades, presumably because the surgery allows for better night’s sleep.
11. Children should be taught not to steal because it is wrong. They should not be taught to steal because there is a rule against stealing.
12. More than any other time in history, mankind faces a crossroads. One path leads to despair and utter hopelessness, the other, to total extinction. Let us pray that we have the wisdom to choose correctly.


Pseudoscience claims are experienced in almost all disciplines of our life circle. Many of us fall into the trap of believing this pseudoscience claims. People are easily attracted to pseudoscience claims because of the scientific terms that are used by pseudo scientists (Kolitz, 2019). Many people do not have a good comprehension of science. Therefore when a person possesses an argument that for instance has words such as frequencies people will easily trust that claim. To attract many people, pseudo-scientists may use the latest scientific innovations in their claims to make it look real. Pseudo claims often pose events that every human being would wish it were true. Use of cognitive biases and critical thinking skills get people to easily believe the claims presented to them even if they have not been scientifically proven.
An example of Pseudoscience claim is that a person’s personality can be evaluated using their handwriting. Well, the claim might be true but it is unfalsifiable because they are no evidence that can deny it. Also, if there are claims supporting this claim how reliable is the source of information. The claim cannot be disproved thus it does not meet the rigorous scientific methodologies standards.
Additionally, there is a claim that the earth is flat because it feels and looks flat (Wolchover, 2017). Earth has been studied for a long time now. Therefore, someone coming up with such a claim is interested in presenting a theory to cover up the other true theories in existence. This claim is hazy in its explanation. Therefore, it does not meet the rigorous scientific methodologies standards.
This week’s materials have changed my thinking significantly in determining pseudo-science claims and what to look out for in claims before making decisions on whether it is right or wrong.

“Problem Solving Interview Question”
Imagine you are interviewing for a job you really want.
From a personal standpoint, I have been in human resources for over 38 years. Primarily my role was upper-level management, but I would at various times, interview new candidates for the final interview to make a decision on the best candidate for the position.
If I was interviewing you and I asked you the following question, how would you respond to this question?
“Tell me about a recent work experience when you made a key decision or resolved an important problem? Tell me how you reasoned it through from start to finish.”
Then, check out one of your classmate’s response to the question. Suppose you are a job coach, what suggestions would you make to maximize your classmate’s answer to the interview question?

PHI 210 Week 8 Discussion
“The Relationship Between Language and Thinking (20 points)”
This week we will be discussing language: clarity, ambiguity, vagueness, loaded language, and precision. In other words, misleading language in spoken or written communication.
Find an example of one of the above from either a political ad, a news story, an advertisement, or something from your own experience — and then explain why it lacks any of the above errors in language.

BUS 302

One of the most influential organizational leaders in my life is a man named Tony Wheeler. This man has been an excellent mentor and a fantastic motivator since I was a teenager. I grew up without a father or any other positive male role model until I met him. Tony has always been an amazing listener. Even if I were blabbering about the most irrelevant or unimportant things, he would always lend a listening ear. He offers excellent advice and shares what he would do in the situation. I believe he taught me how to listen to people before I ever even realized it was an essential part of communication. When I have assignments in classes or discussions that ask to talk about an important person in my life, I always turn to him. I do not even think he knows how influential he has been in my life. I have watched his career grow and blossom over the years, and it motivates me to keep pushing my dreams because nothing happens overnight. I hope that I can be the type of person to someone else that Tony has been to me over the years.
Tony is a very active listener. He truly cares about what someone is saying. Not only do I notice it when I am talking to him, but when others are talking to him also. I have learned a lot about communication from him.

BUS 302
Part 1: Post a Response
Watch the video titled “Mark Zuckerberg on Team Dynamics” located at and then express whether or not you agree with Mark Zuckerberg’s opinion on managing team dynamics. Next, explain whether or not you believe the team dynamics Mark Zuckerberg experienced are unique to only Millennials (Generation Y) or to teams working in the technology field.
Part 2: Respond to a Peer
Read a post by one of your peers and respond, making sure to extend the conversation by asking questions, offering rich ideas, or sharing personal connections.

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Preview YouTube video Mark Zuckerberg on Team Dynamics

Mark Zuckerberg on Team Dynamics

Week 8 Discussion

Part 1: Post a Response
Discuss two (2) reasons why you believe workplace diversity is important to a company’s culture and performance. Next, analyze the diversity practices of either your job or school. Do you feel your job or school is engaged in surface-level or deep-level diversity? Why or why not?
Part 2: Respond to a Peer
Read a post by one of your peers and respond, making sure to extend the conversation by asking questions, offering rich ideas, or sharing personal connections.

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