write about the “American Shah” Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
– His history
– what was the secret in impeaching him even though he was open minded
– how did he change Iran?
– why was he considered a British and American born
– use the instructions for more topics for each paragraph
It is the purpose of this eight to ten-page essay to locate a specific decision-point in America’s
foreign policy in the Middle East, and subject it to an analysis regarding the decision-making
process and its consequences. As an analysis, as opposed to an editorial or opinion-driven
essay, a range of reference material will need be engaged. In the selection of a decision, you will
want to locate a point of focus about which there is sufficient literature. On the other hand,
a decision of very wide scope (the decision to invade Iraq in 2003, for example), risks
analytical settings too wide to provide sufficient explanatory power. A more specific point of focus
within the context of that larger decision-point would allow for greater yield.
Include two dimensions to your title: descriptive language, referring to the paper’s subjectmatter and, by way of sub-title, analytical language speaking to the essay’s central point. In
other words, use the first line to place the reader in the topic: who, what when, where and so
forth. The next line – the subtitle – should signal the paper’s overall point or theme. Center
both the title and sub-title using single-space.
Begin the introduction with a statement of the topic’s importance, its relevance, why it matters.
Provide the reader with a brief sense of the leading treatments or interpretations of the decision
you have chosen. Then, you can offer the line of reasoning you will be advancing. Of most
importance here would be to identify the essay’s organizing idea, its central point. At the end
of this section, provide a brief overview of the paper’s scope and purpose. Limit your
introduction to two paragraphs on one page, including footnotes.
In this historical context section, provide the reader with background sufficient to
understand the analysis you will be offering. As your subject-matter is likely to be
complicated, this part of the paper will require a good measure of compression. In terms of
references, this would be a section in which you would engage books dealing with the history
of your topic, works of substance. (Allow yourself one and a half pages or so.)
At this point, you will be able to narrow the paper’s focus to the decision, under consideration.
Provide the reader a sense of the context in which it was made by the given administration in
the United States, the critical governmental actors involved in the decision process, a sense of
the alternatives debated and the rationale given for the decision. Books, including proper
histories and memoirs of the participants will be helpful here, as will news accounts from the
period. (Allow two pages here)
For this section provide a sense of the literature that exists on your topic. Identify here the
various schools of thought regarding the decision and its consequences, careful to present them
in unbiased fashion. (Allow a page and a half or so here)
In this section (the paper’s longest) you will provide an assessment of the decision in terms
of (a) its impact upon the problem it was meant to address, (b) the wider Middle Eastern
environment and (c) the United States. Take your time here and provide as much specificity and
documentation as possible within the space constraints of the essay.
Refer back to the beginning of the essay here, and restate your main purpose. Restate too the
deeper meaning of your three implications in terms of their lasting impact on the ways in
which we think about the decision in both practical and theoretical terms. (allow two
paragraphs on one page here)
Books will be important to your purpose with this assignment. In terms of academic articles,
consult Jstor, Project Muse, governmental documents and other resources from the library. Look too
for past news and analysis from the New York Times and other publications.
You will not need a title page. Place your name and course number in upper left or right.
Please use only times new roman in twelve-point font (double-spaced), with standard margins. In
addition to your paper title, use the section-headings from these guidelines to announce points of
transition in the essay. Use the section-headings just as they appear in this framework. You will
not need a section-heading called “Introduction.” Please do not use either bold type or underline
anywhere in the paper. If emphasis is needed, use italics.
Please use footnotes after the fashion of the Chicago Manual of Style, placing them in times new
roman in ten-point font (single-spaced). Your footnote numbers will proceed sequentially,
beginning on the first page of the paper. Use only one number at the end of a phrase or the
sentence, creating a new footnote each time. Please do not include the internet links in your
footnotes. Also, provide a bibliography for the references that have appeared in your
footnotes. List the references in alphabetical order also without internet links. In terms of
the references themselves, use proper books, academic articles, news coverage – you will
find back issues of the New York Times very useful – and relevant governmental documents.
Avoid online encyclopedias and any “.com” references.
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